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emphasis; what wc refer to as the collective models of household behavior should be regarded as the standard approach, with the unitary model regarded as an important but special case. This item is part of JSTOR collection The unitary model should be regarded as a special subset of the collective approach, suitable under certain conditions. (English) The collective model is more empirically supported than the unitary model. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Harold Alderman, Pierre-André Chiappori, Lawrence Haddad, John Hoddinott, Ravi Kanbur, UNITARY VERSUS COLLECTIVE MODELS OF THE HOUSEHOLD: IS IT TIME TO SHIFT THE BURDEN OF PROOF?, The World Bank Research Observer, Volume 10, Issue 1, February 1995, Pages 1–19, https://doi.org/10.1093/wbro/10.1.1. unitary model. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions 6 deed, using the definition given above of the household utility function in a general collective model, we can write the household utility function corre- sponding to case III as follows: u(q,Q; d,z)= max Most development objectives focus on the well-being of individuals. What Drives Successful Economic Diversification in Resource-Rich Countries? You could not be signed in. The World Bank Research Observer All Rights Reserved. Some policy recommendations are di erent for the unitary and the collective model. It currently publishes more than 6,000 new publications a year, has offices in around fifty countries, and employs more than 5,500 people worldwide. Collective model: This may matter. Example: Cash-transfer program to poor households, like Bolsa Familia in Brazil or Progresa in Mexico. Register, Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Why does this matter? Policies are targeted to increase the percentage of individuals who avoid poverty, who can read, who are free from hunger and illness, or who can find gainful employment. Requiring only a minimal background in economic analysis, its surveys and overviews of key issues in development economics research are intended for policymakers, project officers, journalists keeping up to date, and teachers and students of development economics and related disciplines. option. Replication Redux: The Reproducibility Crisis and the Case of Deworming, Corruption as a Self-Reinforcing Trap: Implications for Reform Strategy, Human Capital and Macroeconomic Development: A Review of the Evidence. The Observer has nearly 1,500 subscribers in OECD countries and nearly 10,000 subscribers in developing countries. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. Papers for the Observer are not sent out to referees, but all articles published are assessed and approved by the Editorial Board, which includes three to four distinguished economists from outside the Bank. But a growing body of evidence suggests that this view is an expedience that comes at considerable, and possibly avoidable, cost. For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription. Online Becker, Gary S. 1973/74. Policies are targeted to increase the percentage of individuals who avoid poverty, who can read, who are free from hunger and illness, or who can find gainful employment. Until recently most policy analyses implicitly viewed the household as having only one set of preferences. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? But a growing body of evidence suggests that this view is an expedience that comes at considerable, and possibly avoidable, cost. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. Harold Alderman, Pierre-André Chiappori, Lawrence Haddad, John Hoddinott and Ravi Kanbur. The article argues that more effective policy instruments will emerge from analyzing the processes by which households balance the diverse interests of their members. © 1995 Oxford University Press Unitary versus collective models of the household : is it time to shift the burden of proof? This article is also available for rental through DeepDyve. The World Bank Research Observer seeks to inform nonspecialist readers about research being undertaken within the Bank and outside the Bank in areas of economics relevant for development policy. Online Becker, Gary S. 1974. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. It has become familiar to millions through a diverse publishing program that includes scholarly works in all academic disciplines, bibles, music, school and college textbooks, business books, dictionaries and reference books, and academic journals. “A Theory of Marriage.” The Journal of Political Economy 81 (4): 813–46; and 82 (2): S11–S26. “Unitary versus Collective Models of the Household: Is It Time to Shift the Burden of Proof?” The World Bank Research Observer 10 (1): 1–19. “A Theory of Social Interactions.” Request Permissions. This assumption has been a powerful tool for understanding household behavior, such as the distribution of tasks and goods. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. B - History of Economic Thought, Methodology, and Heterodox Approaches, C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods, E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics, M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics, O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth, Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics, R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics, Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. Individual welfare, however, is based in large part on a complex set of interactions among family members. UNITARY VERSUS COLLECTIVE MODELS OF THE HOUSEHOLD: IS IT TIME TO SHIFT THE BURDEN OF PROOF? Most users should sign in with their email address. Select the purchase Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Until recently most policy analyses implicitly viewed the household as having only one set of preferences. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. Most development objectives focus on the well-being of individuals. The article argues that more effective policy instruments will emerge from analyzing the processes by which households balance the diverse interests of their members.

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